What is Public Health?
The Faculty of Public Health defines public health as:
‘The science and art of promoting and protecting health and well-being, preventing ill-health and prolonging life through the organised efforts of society’.
The core values of Public health practice are that it should be equitable, empowering, effective, evidence-based, fair and inclusive.
In light of the core values and the three domains of public health practice nine key areas for public health practice have been agreed which form the basis of all standards of training and practice that the Faculty develops.
Nine Key Areas of Public Health
The nine key areas (with some examples) are:
- Surveillance and assessment of the population’s health and wellbeing – For example, annual reports and lifestyle surveys.
- Assessing the evidence of effectiveness of health and healthcare interventions, programmes and services
- Policy and strategy development and implementation
- Strategic leadership and collaborative working for health
- Health Improvement – Includes development of Health Promotion, Dental Public Health.
- Health Protection – Includes communicable disease surveillance and control, reducing incidence of blood borne viruses, management of immunisation programmes, coordination and implementation and coordination of screening programmes, environment health surveillance/assessment and emergency planning, reducing incidence of healthcare associated infection (HAI).
- Health and Social Service Quality
- Public Health Intelligence
- Academic Public Health