The clinical risk factors are those which are generally assessed by some form of clinical measurement.
– Obesity and Overweight (which are assessed by the measurement of body mass index – BMI)
– High Blood Pressure (assessed by measurement of blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer)
– High Cholesterol (assessed by biochemical assay of a blood sample).
Overweight and obesity are increasingly important as risk factors to the health of the population of Forth Valley.
The Forth Valley Healthy Weight Advisory Forum aims to provide a partnership approach to healthy weight. The following paper gives an overview of where we are in Forth Valley.
The group is currently focussed on bringing together various strands to form a ‘structured programme’ for healthy weight, which will bring together community approaches and general-practice based work.
For further information contact:
- Dr Oliver Harding or Tel. 01786 457 265
High blood pressure is relatively prevalent in the population, and increases the risk of cardio-vascular disease. In general, as well as being assessed clinically, it is also managed clinically through the use of medicines, and the giving of clinical advice.
Beyond this there is a role for the wider community – not only in raising awareness, but also perhaps in helping individuals limit their salt intake, lose weight, increase physical activity and reduce alcohol intake – all of which can help lower blood pressure.
- Clinical guidelines for lipid lowering Clinical guidelines for the management of hypertension
- Forth Valley Framework for High Blood Pressure
On a population basis the burden of cardio-vascular disease attributable to high cholesterol is high. On an individual basis, high cholesterol usually only requires to be treated if there is significant risk from other risk factors being present. It seems likely that if the population of Forth Valley were able to maintain a healthy weight, and eat a diet low in fat, then the prevalence of high cholesterol and its impact would be greatly reduced.